A stress fracture is a small crack in the bone and often develops from overuse such as from high-impact sports like long distance running or aerobics. When muscles are overtired, they are no longer able to lessen the shock of repeated impacts. When this happens, the muscles transfer the stress to the bones. This can create small cracks or fractures.
Most stress fractures occur in the weight-bearing bones of the foot and lower leg. The most common sites are the second and third metatarsals of the foot. Stress fractures are also common in the heel (calcaneus), the outer bone of the lower leg (fibula), and the navicular, a bone on the top of the midfoot. People who do not exercise can also have stress fractures. If osteoporosis or other disease has weakened bones, normal daily activities may result in a stress fracture. This is called bone insufficiency and is one of many factors that can increase your risk for stress fracture.
Splinting the area along with limited weight bearing are common treatments. Adding the laser to the treatment is very helpful in that it can decrease the pain and swelling in the fracture area. Laser therapy also increases circulation which promotes faster healing and recovery time.